Are you curious about the Dominican Republic? This small country of 6200 square kilometers has an original history, so different from that of other Americas. If you want to know more about the history of the Dominican Republic, this guide will provide you with all the information you need.
The Dominican Republic, its colonial history!
The colonial history of the Dominican Republic is very rich. The most important event is undoubtedly the abolition of slavery which was approved by King Louis XV in 1789 and implemented in 1792. Then, from 1804 at least, the island became the bastion of the democratic movement with revolts all over the country under the banner of Mereismo (the movement was created in 1821). Since February 15, 1844, when the island lost its isolationist status, it has continued to be a leading non-foreign power, and today (and for a long time to come) it maintains its stability and economic interest.
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The first inhabitants of the Dominican Republic!
The history of the Dominican Republic begins with the arrival of the Arawaks, settlers from South America, in the late 16th century. They displaced the Tainos from the island of Guanahani. The Caribs or Amerindians then decided to attack the houses of the former migrants. The history of the Dominican Republic continues with the arrival of their cousins the Spaniards who are also considered a political and economic conquest; this one replaces the Carib/Pacheco emperor in 1492 and makes the Indians flee. Their arrival provoked a strong movement toward the cities of the WEST (Santo Domingo and Puerto Plata).
The country became independent in 1824 and developed its monetary policy in the 1950s. It began to build a welfare state to support the unemployed and the disabled. Ever since, it has been striving to make its former dominant landscape a vast protected area, giving an intact image of the colonial past.
The modern history of the Dominican Republic!
In 1966, Juan Bosch (PRI) was elected president of the country. He was re-elected in 1970 and 1974. In 1978, Antonio Guzman (PRD) won the presidential elections. In 1982, President Balaguer returned to power, but the perception of electoral fraud in the results or a particularly strong vote led to the cancellation of the results by the Supreme Court. The PRD was declared the winner. The new president strengthened the economy through a policy of nationalization and economic planning under the supervision of the OECD, which specializes in development assistance.